There are two legends that pertain to Bone Hill in Levasy, Missouri.
One tells us the story behind the name “Bone Hill,” which originated in Indian lore long before the town was ever established. Many years ago, the Indians would stampede the buffalo and slaughter them on this hill, leaving the bones to bleach in the sun. The first settlers to arrive in the area found arrowheads, flint scraping tools, and bleached buffalo bones in large quantities.
The second legend revolves around a buried treasure and an unearthly light that appears upon the hill. Before the Civil War a farming family came to the area, along with their slaves, and settled on the hill. Soon, they had their slaves build a stone fence that completely surrounded their acreage. When border warfare was at its bitterest in 1862, the farmer sold his acreage for gold and supposedly buried it somewhere along the stone wall.
The family then moved away promising their neighbors that they were going to return in seven years. They were never seen in the vicinity again, but in the seventh year, in 1869, a mysterious light was said to be seen hovering above Bone Hill near the stone wall.
According to the legend, the light continues to appear every seven years. Some say it is the ghost of the farmer coming to claim his buried fortune.
.Edwin F. Borgman of Levasy was born on that farm and in 1939 he stated, “The light appears for a fact, I’ve seen it. It puffs up like a glow and goes away. But there is nothing whatever to the buried treasure story. I’ve never been able to find how that thing started.” He also contended that if there had been gold buried there, he would have known about it. Borgman’s father bought the farm in 1878.
There is nothing found as to who owned the land in 1862 when the treasure was supposedly buried. Nor nothing is found who owned the property during the next 16 years before H.H. Borgman purchased the land. Geologically, Bone Hill consists of slate and limestone and is just west of some earlier soft coal mine areas. It is theorized that the mysterious light might be the result of gases oozing from seams in the “slate ribbed hillside”.
The light, if it is still doing its “seven-year glimmer” would have last appeared in 2002 with the next appearance scheduled for 2009.
The remains of the stone wall, built by slave labor, can still be seen one and one-half miles south of Levasy on the west side of H Highway. Levasy, Missouri is approximately 25 miles east of Kansas City, Missouri on U.S. Highway 24.
APPEARANCE Kludde’s appearance varies from story to story. He is sometimes depicted as a demon who can take on different disguises.
In some tales, he is described as a monstrous black dog that moves on his hind legs. He can also take on the disguise of a large black cat or giant black bird. The faster the passersby run away, the faster the creature follows closely behind them. In addition, he can enlarge and shrink himself.
In other stories, he is more likely to be a man wrapped in a hairy dog skin, reminiscent of the myth of the werewolf.
Kludde is a tormentor who often hides under bridges or in hollow trees and only appears at night. Hikers can only deduce his arrival by the sound he makes. This is because Kludde rattles a chain that he is obliged to wear on his left ankle.
Once he has signaled his arrival, he jumps on the unsuspecting passerby’s neck. The passer-by is then obliged to carry him on his or her back for the rest of the night. When daybreak comes or the passerby reaches his destination Kludde disappears again.
Kludde lets his appearances depend on the situation. For example, he can transform himself into a normal cat that is approached by pitiful passersby, with horrifying consequences. As a large black bird, he flies over farms at night and wakes everyone up with his cry, “Kludde, Kludde, Kludde, Kludde.” Kludde also occasionally teams up with Long Wappern another Belgian myth.
FIGHTING Kludde was an invincible creature. Once one encountered him there was no escaping him. Yet there are also some stories in which he is defeated:
In Schelle, Kludde once came to haunt a farm. When this kept happening for several nights in a row, the local butcher decided to spend the night at the farm in question. When Kludde came rattling his chains again that night and scared everyone to death, the butcher ran to the door. When he opened it Kludde appeared to be standing in the doorway. Fearlessly the butcher plunged a knife into Kludde’s belly, after which the demon fled, wailing, and never returned to the house.
There is a legend in Wichelen in which a woman threw a cloth in Kludde’s mouth to shake him off. The next day, one of the servants in the village was found to have fibers of that cloth between his teeth, so the villagers could immediately identify him as Kludde. Other stories identify praying as a way to escape the creature. In one story from around Limburg, Kludde was once caught and then hung with a hook in a fish store.
RESIDENCE Kludde is associated with the Schelde region, Dendermonde and other villages in East Flanders, but stories also exist in the vicinity of Antwerp, such as Hemiksem and Schelle. In the municipality of Wichelen there is even a Kluddepath.
The Singraven country estate is first recorded in 1381 as an agrarian farmstead owned and leased by the Bishop of Utrecht. Over the centuries, Singraven changed ownership several times. The first country house was built in 1415. One source claims the current stately home, a grand neoclassical affair, was built in the second half of the 17th century by the aristocratic Sloet family. In looking at this building, it appears more like an 18th century building. If it was built in the 1600s, it must have been ahead of its time…
As to the paranormal aspect of the manor, for a brief period in the early 1500s, Singraven Manor was the residence of Franciscan nuns. Apparently, a nun was bricked up alive as a building sacrifice.In the not so distant past, human sacrifices were made during the construction of houses, shrines, and other buildings, and in the laying out of villages.
In Japan, this practice was known as Hitobashira (or “human pillar”). The purpose of human sacrifice was to consecrate the ground by establishing the beneficent presence of a sacred order or to banish demonic powers.
After the nun’s gruesome death, misfortune and unhappiness began to plague the property.Owners and their family members died young, suffered serious financial trouble or were victims of fatal accidents.
One of the owners was burned alive after an oil lamp fell over and set him on fire.The last owner, Willem Frederik Jan Laan, donated the estate to a foundation. It is now a museum that displays art and antique collections acquired by Laan.
HOW IT’S SUPERNATURAL:
The spirit of the nun appears to predict disaster and shame.
With the skyrocketing interest of paranormal phenomena, it seems like haunted places and objects are popping up everywhere. Although it is easy to be just a little skeptical of every report of paranormal activity, there are certain places that stand out from the crowd. One such place is the 1886 Crescent Hotel in Eureka Springs, Arkansas, USA. This is a truly special place in many ways. It has a very interesting past and is worth checking out.
The hotel was built in 1886 by the Eureka Springs Investment Company. The company bought 27 acres to house the grand hotel, with the idea of creating a luxurious resort high on the hill. The stones that make up the body of the structure were made of limestone, hand-carved by an Irish crew of workers, from a nearby quarry. These stones were 18 inches thick and brought by train and specially designed wagons to the site of the future hotel. One unique feature of these stones is that they were laid in a way that made the use of mortar unnecessary.The Crescent truly was a luxurious resort and had all of the modern conveniences like electricity and elevators. The construction cost of the hotel was $294,000. She opened her doors to the public on May 1, 1886. The hotel enjoyed many years of success, until the 1900s.
SHE HAD MANY USES
The downturn of the economy caused the hotel to only be opened during the summer months. In 1908, the investment company decided to open the hotel year-round by converting it into an elite girls’ boarding school from September until June and then as a hotel during the remaining summer months. The hotel/school operated successfully for 16 years, and then closed its doors in 1924 due to a lack of funding. It reopened in 1929 and remained so until 1933. Between the years of 1925 and 1929, the hotel changed owners twice, finally closing the doors in 1933 with the onset of the Great Depression. The hotel remained closed until it was purchased in 1937 by Norman Baker.
Norman was a vaudeville magician who transformed himself into an inventor and millionaire businessman.
His last trick was claiming to be a cancer doctor, without a single day of medical training. He believed in alternative medicines and even rebelled against the American Medical Association, claiming they chose profits, over-treating patients. Baker was the founder of the Baker Institute in Muscatine, Iowa. He offered elixirs consisting mostly of watermelon seed, brown corn silk, alcohol, and carbolic acid. This “elixir” had no medical backing and did absolutely nothing for the hopeful patients. One such sad case was that of John and Lula Tunis. Lula had cancer and the couple was desperate for a cure to her pain and suffering. They met with Baker at the Institute in the spring of 1930. By December, Lula was dead. The miracle treatments did nothing but cause her more pain.Baker was convicted of practicing medicine without a license in Iowa and moved on to Eureka Springs in 1937 and purchased the Crescent Hotel. He opened it up as a cancer hospital and went about his medical scam business all over again in the Ozarks. The federal authorities quietly investigated him for 2 years and into 1939, then closed in on him. He was arrested and spent four years in Leavenworth federal prison. When he got out, he moved to Florida and lived a comfortable life until his death in 1958.
Now that you have an idea of the background of this grand hotel, it is time to discuss the reported ghosts and haunted hot spots. There are ghost sightings stemming all the way back to the construction of the hotel. This first ghostly apparition has been fondly named “Micheal” and is supposedly an Irish worker that lost his balance and fell to the second floor, killing him.
The spot where he fell is now room 218 and is reportedly the most haunted guest room. Apparently guests have seen his apparition, heard him pounding on the walls and experienced his playing with the lights in the room. Some not-so-humorous Michael-related sightings and sounds include guests claiming to see blood splattered on the room’s walls, ghostly hands coming out of the bathroom mirror and a falling scream coming from the ceiling. If you want a terror-filled night, try staying in room 218!Another ghost is that of a student of the girls’ boarding school.
She was either pushed or jumped to her death, from a balcony. Her apparition has been seen, as well as guests claiming to hear her screams as she falls. Other ghosts include a nurse, dressed in white, from the hotel’s cancer hospital days. She is only spotted after 11 pm, pushing a gurney. She disappears when reaches the end of the third-floor hallway. The third floor housed the morgue back then, and nurses moved the deceased patients late at night. There is the ghostly waiter who is spotted in the halls carrying butter on a tray, and the apparitions spotted in rooms 202 and 424.
On one particular Christmas, the hotel staff reported seeing the Christmas tree and gifts moved to the other side of the room and the chairs positioned in a circle facing the tree. This would be a little spooky, but still rather neat to witness! There are reports from hotel staff of seeing Victorian-Era apparitions dancing in the ballroom and sitting in the dining room. The truth about whether the 1886 Crescent Hotel is haunted or not is up for debate by any skeptic. As for those who have witnessed paranormal activity, they know the truth.
There are a range of superstitions all over the world. Some are known worldwide, and others might be destination specific.
WHERE DO SUPERSTITIONS COME FROM?
Many of the weird and wacky superstitions have equally weird and wacky origins. And because most of the superstitions deal with the supernatural – witches and spirits – their origin can usually be found in religion. Many people all over the world knock on wood to ward off bad luck. One theory suggests that pagan worshippers used to believe sprits lived in trees and would knock on the wood to summon the spirits to protect them.However not all are based in religion, some might be based on coincidence and routinely bad luck. For instance, in Australia the number 87 in cricket is known as the Devil’s Number. The original story dates back to 1929 when a young fan Keith Miller (who would one day go on to be a well-known cricketer himself) was watching his idol Don Bradman get bowled out for 87, only 13 shy of a century. Many years later while playing a professional game of cricket, Keith saw his teammate Ian Johnson get bowled out on 87 too. He retold the story and so the legend spread. However, looking at it statistically there have been 14 Australian cricketers who have been dismissed on number 87, and so it’s nickname: the Devil’s Number.In complete contrast from religious superstitions, some come with a very rational explanation. One example is that lighting three cigarettes with one match can bring bad luck. This was the case if you happen to be a soldier in a fox hole in the darkness. Lighting a match and keeping it lit for long enough to light three cigarettes could cause the enemy to find your position and open fire.
WHY DO PEOPLE STILL BELIEVE IN THEM?
Many people might forget the origin, deeming even those that made sense at the time to seem odd. However, having a knowledge or even belief in the superstitions is linked to culture more than an actual belief in them. We might have grown up with grandparents who told us to avoid walking under ladders with no more of an explanation than its bad luck! Or we might start to see a pattern ourselves – winning a sporting game by wearing the same pair of socks, and just like that they’ve become your lucky charm!
Never put a baguette upside down on the table, it will bring bad luck!
How fitting that the first French superstitions involves the beloved baguette. Apparently, this superstition dates back to the executioner days where the baker would put the bread upside down to be left for the hungry executioner. And no one would dare eat a hungry executioner’s bread. However, if you do happen to place the baguette upside down, you will need to make a cross with a knife on the flat side of the bread to ensure you dispel the bad luck.
Touch a sailor’s pompom for good luck
A traditional sailor’s outfit is made up of a white beret topped with a red pompom. Touching this red pompom, or giving it a gently stroke, can bring about great fortune. So, if you’re in need of a little luck, you know what to do.
Do not toast with water, unless you want your friends to die
In German culture you need to know your toasting etiquette, because making a mishap could mean wishing death upon your friends. Toasting over a glass of water is a serious no-no, so much so that it’s better to toast with an empty glass. It literally means to wish death over those you are toasting.
Although this one doesn’t originate in German history at all, its origin can be found in Greek mythology where the dead would always drink from the river, as a result Greeks would toast the dead with a glass of water to symbolise their voyage.
Never wish birthday luck – until the day
This one isn’t unique to Germany but exists in many places around the world. Wishing someone happy birthday or celebrating your big day before it’s arrived isn’t exactly lucky. It is unwise to assume events will take place before they actually do. Reinfeiern is the idea that you can celebrate your birthday the night before, only giving wishes at midnight and beyond, to avoid back luck. It literally translates as “party into”, so you’re partying into your birthday.
Tuesday the 13th is the unluckiest day
Forget about Friday the 13th, in Spanish culture it’s Tuesday the 13th that you should be wary of. You won’t find many locals who choose it as a day to get married.
The fuss over Tuesday 13th comes from both Greek and Roman culture. In Greek mythology Tuesday is dominated by Ares, the Greek god of war where Constantinople had fallen to enemies twice on a Tuesday, added to that weight that bad things come in threes. In Roman culture, Tuesday is believed to be ruled by Mars, the Roman god of war, whose name is Martes – which also happens to be Tuesday in Spanish.
Careful whose feet you sweep
In Spain, if a broom touches the foot of a single person then you’ve doomed them to a lifetime alone. So, if you are sweeping – be wary not to touch anyone’s foot – who never know who they may be! And if you’re a single person then steer clear of people sweeping and avoid it all together if you want a chance at finding your soulmate.
Opening an umbrella indoors brings bad luck
If you’re visiting a friend’s house in the UK, USA, or Canada on a rainy day, never try opening an umbrella while indoors. It’s also a poor idea to leave it open to dry off, as an open umbrella indoors is believed to bring bad luck. While the origins of this superstition are not entirely known, one theory is that it stems from the times when umbrellas were so big, sturdy, and difficult to open that doing so indoors could damage something in the house or even hurt a person standing close to you.
Putting shoes on the table
Never put shoes on a table, especially if they’re new. In the UK, USA, and Ireland it is considered extremely unlucky and even symbolizes the death of a family member. The history of this belief is thought to do with the old tradition of putting miners’ shoes on a table following his death in an accident. It is also not very hygienic to keep you shoes where you eat, so let’s admit it, this superstition has a point.
Walking under a ladder
If you see a ladder resting peacefully against the wall in the UK, USA, or Canada, chances are you won’t notice anyone passing under it. It is a very common belief in these countries that walking under a ladder brings you bad luck. Where does this originate from? We won’t be able to tell you, however it totally minimizes the risk of somebody on the ladder dropping somebody on you. And who said superstitions weren’t rational?
Rabbit’s foot as a lucky charm
But how do you actually attract good luck? Well, if you ask a person from the UK or Ireland, their advice may be like this: just carry a rabbit’s foot with you. Why rabbit? Let’s assume it’s light and small, so you can hide it in your pocket to avoid less superstitious people around giving you weird looks. Now you know what to take you with to that difficult English exam!
Neighbors and dirty plates
Imagine a situation – your kind neighbor has brought you some food on a plate as an act of good will. Would only seem natural to wash the plate before returning it, right? Not if you’re in Canada! According to the local superstition, you should return your plate dirty, as washing it will bring bad luck to the household.
According to an old belief, if you’re moving into a new house in Canada and would like to eliminate any evil spirits which may have inhabited it before you, you should bless the place by carrying a burning sage from room to room. Better check with the accommodation manager first if you fancy following this tradition when moving into student halls in Canada!
Itchy nose means a fight
Finally, if you’re experiencing a tickling sensation in your nose, make sure to ask somebody to slap you on the hand and slap them back. Otherwise you’re risking getting into a much more serious trouble, as Irish people believe an itchy nose is a sign of an upcoming fight.